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Nepal Trekking in Himalayas Pvt. Ltd is an adventure trekking company solely is a private owned Trekking & Tour Company which is fully approved and license holder under Ministry of
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Trekking in Nepal is interacting to the local people, culture, religion and lifestyle as well as walking through forests of rhododendron, bamboo, oak, and hemlock, visiting one or two villages each day. More

Nepal is hub of different kind of clothing which is pure handmade. Handmade Nepalese Clothings are unique and famous for around the world.

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What is Pashmina | Pashimina in Nepal

Pashmina is a fine variant of textile made from rare Himalayan goat hair fiber. The fleece of Hamalayan Goat (Changra) is known as Pashm which is an Urdu word & has origins in Farsi. Pashmina is one of the finest quality wool available on Earth, and it is the most refined version of cashmere. Pashmina is a handmade product which is eco friendly. In term of production of Pashmina there is no use of any harmful chemical in another word pashmina production to use, it is eco friendly and favourable for human skin.

Pashmina is an special woolen product made from wool that grows on the underside of the mountain goats, derived from the word Chyangra, the inhabitant of the great Himalayan Mountain range and the sub-Siberian latitudes of North- Eastern Asia. Pashmina products are gloriously hand woven in traditional looms and by sensitive hands of craftsmen.

It is very soft and special wool fibres of the Rare Himalayan mountain goat. The softest Pashmina fiber is made from the  wool of the neck of the mountain goats. Originally, the goats are habituated in remote areas of the Himalayas of Nepal, Mongoliya and Tibet over the altitude of 12,000 ft. Pashmina wool collection sites are Dolpa,Mustang, jumla, humla and other parts of Nepal mainly Himalayan -regions. It is thinner in comapair to other animal’s and 7-8 times than human hair.Well, talking about pashmina feature its finest, softest and lightest wool fiber.

Various types of pashmina products have been in use since the centuries ago and considered as jewelry in the families of emperors like Mongalia and other royal of Asia. Gradually, the users of pashmina products have been increasing rapidly. As the time passed, the quality and varieties of pashmina products have been improving and increasing. Pashmina is woven by skilled hand with traditional looms sensitively. The fact that Pashmina wool is obtained during a specific period of the year from Pashmina goats (Changra), who only produce between 80-170 grams every year, this wool is difficult to find​.

How many Changra requires for a production of a shawl?


Pashnima is a luxury product so it requires excellent quality wool. According to the experience, minimum 3 or 4 Hialayan goats wool requires to make a good and top notch feeling pashmina shawl. Thus, if a goat gives 150 grams of pashm wool, then only 35 grams from it can be used for spinning of the fine quality yarn. Yarn basically from under belly are the perfect yarn. It is quite hard to harvest more in short time.


Wool Harvest


The no. 1 wool is available in the no. 1 place, the only Himalayan contry in the world, yes! you are right Nepal​. The special species of Mountain goat (changra) are only available in the upper Himalayas of Nepal.  ​To withstand the freezing climate of the Himalayan, which can drop to as low as -25°C, the goats produce fine and soft wools under throat & belly. The wool is only harvested during the spring by brushing and scissoring the Pashmina goat (Changra) to gather the longer & softer hair, the finest found on the lower part of the neck and the belly.


Top notch hand-woven Pashmina fabric


Pashmina is the one of the fabric gives top notch feeling made from organic raw materials. Hand woven is the traditional method which is still in practice in Nepal. Pashmina has a faintly glossy look owing to its twill tapestry weaving. Most of the pashmina product in Nepal are made by skilled craft man. Its soft touch & utmost warmth caresses you as you nestle in it.

Manufacture

All the Raw materials used are the local product of  Nepal . Due to the popularity and suitable environment, Cashmere yarn production has become the Main income sources for the local communities of Himalayas. All Pashmina products are handmade and Hand loomed by the local people.

Pashmina Shawl - Blanket - Scarf Features

Pure Animal Yarn (local Himalayan Product)
Materials:  Pashmina
Blanket Size
Length: 117 inches
Width: 52 inches
Shawl Size
Length: 78 inches
Width: 35 inches
Sracf Size
Length: 78 inches
Width: 27 inches
Available in colors

The wool fabric is obtained by sheering fleece from the sheep. Wool fabrics can be used in all seasons as the layer of air remains next to the skin. It is a naturally versatile fabric that has a soft texture and is wrinkle-resistant. Our products are genuine and are traditionally weaved in a different pattern in a handloom by the skilled artisans from Nepal.

why Pashmina so expensive?


In context of Nepal pashmina production method is fully traditional menthod. It requires quite long process, Along with its time duration it requires more manpower. Weaving is a very laborious work. From the combing out of the fleece from the Himalayan goats to separating individual fibres; then hand spinning it from fibre to yarn; then the entire weaving process & dyeing; & finally the intricate embroidery.
The combing out of the fleece of the entire Himalayan goat takes place over a few months.

Step by Step

The making of Pashmina involves collecting the fine hair of the Pashmina goat, sorting raw Cashmere, spinning, weaving and creating a world-class Pahmina Product. Indeed, It is not easy to manufacture a pashmina product. Brief description is given below,

Wool conformation

It plays vital role on the manufacturing process, selecting of the finest hair of changra is kind of complex and sensitive work. Hand-combed is the finest to collect wool and important to maintain its quality & preserve its natural beauty. Besides we ensure that no raw material comes from sources that violate human/animal rights


Weaving wool

Cashmere is a delicate form of wool celebrated for its softness and exclusivity. It hence has to be woven manually so that the delicate fiber does not face the harsh processing of a machine The weavers then lay the warp using continuous lengths of yarn. After the required number of warp threads are set, they are lifted, spread & smoothened out before fitting them on warp beam. The warp beam is detached from the loom for this purpose & is suspended from the ceiling. The loose ends of the warp are cut & inserted individually into the heddles. It is then fitted back into the loom once the warp is set & given a few turns to tighten the warp. Only about 6-7 inches of warp are left for the weaver to start working on. For this reason, a handloom is used to weave fine Cashmere yarn, to prepare luxury Pashmina shawls, which takes 3-4 days.

Spinning wheel Process


It is the traditional method of converting wool to yarn.The spinning wheel is used for spinning the wool to form pashmina yarns. This step is usually carried out by the women folk of the house & requires a skill set that has been passed down through generations. For spinning, the fibre has to be manipulated as it leaves the spinner’s fingers & onto the spindle. The spun yarn is doubled up& twisted again using the spinning wheel. For plain shawls, the hanks are not dyed. Rather, once the shawl is ready, it is then dyed in the desired color & sent to the embroiderer. If, however, the weaver wants to weave kani shawls, then, on consultation with the designer & the weaver, the amount of yarn required for each color is calculated. It is then dyed accordingly.The dyers of pashmina have also been in their respective craft since generations & were known to keep the secret of colors within the families, completely excluding outsiders from it.


Pashmina dyeing process;


Organic dyeing is the one of the process which is mainly practiced in Nepal. Only five to six different substances requires to produce a large spectrum of 64 colors.The organic dyestuffs included indigo, lac & kermes, logwood, safflower & saffron for shades of blue, red, dull red & yellow respectively. Combining lac with indigo in different ratios forms different dyeing colors, which looks really attractive and also resists skin problems.Ferrous- sulphate, a chemical compound, was used to achieve black color. Black color was only inorganic.

 

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Nepal Trekking in Himalayas Pvt. Ltd

Nepal Trekking is an adventure travel company solely is a private owned Trekking, mountaineering & Expedition Company which is fully approved and license holder under Ministry of Tourism, His Majesty’s Government of Nepal.
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